The 8 Best Non-Toxic Nail Polish Brands of 2022 (2023)

We independently research, test, review, and recommend the bestproducts—learn more about our process. If you buy something through our links, we may earn a commission.

Whether you go for a bold red or an elegant pastel pink, nail polish can make you feel instantly put together and ready to take on your day. Yet the ingredients behind those vivid shades can have potentially negative effects on your body and the environment.

According to Carla Burns, Senior Healthy Living Science Analyst at the Environmental Working Group, certain chemicals pose a respiratory threat as they are inhaled during the application process, while others are absorbed through the nail beds into the body. A 2015 study at Duke University found that women had a higher level of Triphenyl phosphate, or TPHP, a suspected endocrine-disrupting chemical in their bodies after applying nail polish. Although more study is needed to fully understand the long-term effects of these chemicals, many people prefer to avoid them.

Read ahead for the best non-toxic nail polish brands that will leave you with fabulous nails and fewer worries.

Long before clean beauty was a buzzword, Zoya and her husband Michael were creating non-toxic nail polish under her namesake brand. Their formulas are vegan and free of 10 concerning chemicals. Offering more than 600 shades, the brand is ideal for color fanatics looking for just the precise shade. It’s easy to find their line at salons and beauty stores. Plus, you can choose from a narrow or wide brush depending on what you prefer during the application process.

Best Budget:Olive & June

The 8 Best Non-Toxic Nail Polish Brands of 2022 (2)

(Video) Smith & Cult Nail Polish | 8‐Free▪︎Non-toxic▪︎Cruelty Free▪︎Vega▪︎Gluten Free | 8 Color Swatches 💅🏼

When Sarah Gibson Tuttle moved to Los Angeles from New York City, she couldn’t find the perfect nail salon. So she created it herself along with her own nail polish line. Yet these polishes don’t come with the salon price. For less than $10, you can enjoy shades that are 7-free, vegan, and cruelty-free.

If you are new to applying polish or simply want a better grip, you can also purchase the Poppy (view on Olive & June). This patented brush offers a wide, paddle-like handle for steadier strokes and a more comfortable hold. Just pop it on your favorite bottle for an easier, faster application.

If you want the performance of a salon manicure, consider Dazzle Dry. This four-step system promises no-chip color for up to two weeks without the UV exposure or harsh chemicals of traditional nail treatments like acrylics, dip powder, or gels. The lacquers are never tested on animals and contain vegan alternatives for animal byproducts like carmine, guanine, urea, stearic acid, lanolin, glycerin, collagen, and beeswax. Dazzle Dry does not contain nitrocellulose, meaning the products won’t expire or turn your nails yellow either.

Though the four-step system is a bit pricey, it’s a worthwhile investment for anyone serious about their nail game.

The 8 Best Natural Moisturizers of 2022

Best Gel:Deborah Lippmann Gel Lab Pro

The 8 Best Non-Toxic Nail Polish Brands of 2022 (4)

(Video) NON-TOXIC NAIL POLISH // Paintbox Nails, Sundays, Olive & June, Dazzle Dry, and More!

While a gel manicure at the salon can offer incredible shine and staying power, it comes at a price. Burns says you are likely to inhale more chemicals at the salon, and the UV exposure from the curing process can damage your skin. Shellac, one type of gel polish, also isn’t vegan as it’s made from the secretion of the lac beetle.

With Deborah Lippman’s Gel Lab Pro Nail Polish, you can enjoy all the benefits of a gel manicure with none of these cons. The formula is vegan and 10-free while containing nourishing ingredients like keratin, biotin, and rice protein. We love the luxurious shades from the celebrity manicurist.

Want Nail Polish With Fewer Chemicals? Check Out Ella+mila

Painting your nails with your child can be a fun bonding experience, but you want to be especially careful with your little one’s digits. “Children are more vulnerable to the chemicals than adults due to their small size and concentrated body absorption,” says Burns. “You want to use the same products you would be comfortable using.”

Ella & Mia’s Mommy & Me set makes manicures easy by pairing a larger bottle with a smaller, complementary color. Each bottle is 17-free, vegan, and cruelty-free ascertified by PETA. You’ll also get one nail decoration sheet to make your nails extra fun. Who's ready for a mani and pedi playdate?

"It applies normally, removes normally, and lasts the same amount of time that a regular polish would, which is about a week for me before serious chipping kicks in." ~ Katherine Martinko, Treehugger Senior Editor

Best Sustainable Packaging:Habit Non-Toxic + Vegan Nail Polish

The 8 Best Non-Toxic Nail Polish Brands of 2022 (6)

(Video) My Top 5 Nail Polish Brands (Mainstreams) 2022

For those who fly through polish bottles like water, you might worry about all the waste from the packaging. USA-made brand Habit is tackling this issue with improvements to traditional nail polish packaging. Its products come with a removable bamboo cap, recycled plastic inner cap, recycled plastic brush, and FSC-certified paperboard boxes. Not to mention the formulas are 7-free and PETA certified. We have to admit the bamboo cap is absolutely adorable.

From neons to neutrals, Côte has a wide selection of shades to satisfy all your desires. Choose from lime green to emerald to mint. They are 8-free and go without parabens or gluten, as well as being vegan and cruelty-free. They also sell an extra-wide brush to make the at-home application process easier (view on Côte).

The 9 Best Sustainable Makeup Brands of 2022

Best Drugstore:Sally Hansen Good.Kind.Pure

The 8 Best Non-Toxic Nail Polish Brands of 2022 (8)

(Video) Hella Handmade Creations November 2022 | Nicole Loves Nails

Sally Hansen is a mainstay of the drugstore nail aisle, but did you know that the brand offers a greener formula? With the Good.Kind.Pure line, you can still enjoy the affordability and convenience of running to your drugstore to pick up a new shade while knowing you aren’t harming your body. The formulas are 16-free, vegan, and use a plant-based brush.

“I personally love the shades Pink Cloud and Laven-Dear for a delicate pastel manicure. I purchased the two shades on a whim and was pleasantly surprised. They have a super shiny, opaque finish which can be hard to find in pastel shades.” ~ Emily Cieslak, Treehugger Contributor

Final Verdict

With more than 600 shades and a history of creating non-toxic nail polish, Zoya is a trusted name among salons and DIY manicurists alike (view at Ulta). If you are looking for a brand you can easily find at your drugstore, check out Sally Hansen’s Good.Kind.Pure line (view at Walmart).


Is all nail polish toxic?

Burns says certain brands have made significant strides to decrease the toxicity of their products, but it’s important to do your own research and read every product’s label as individual shades have different formulas.

“Non-toxic claims don’t really mean much since they aren’t regulated. Three or 7-free doesn’t mean they are free of all chemicals,” says Burns. “It’s really important for consumers to do their own homework, look at the packaging, and the Skin Deep Database.”

EWG’s Skin Deep Databaserates individual products on the hazard levels of its ingredients. You can search by brand, product, and ingredient. EWG VERIFIED products that meet EWG's strictest standards for human health.

What stores carry non-toxic nail polish?

With the increasing consumer demand for non-toxic nail polish, more brands are creating cleaner versions and more stores are carrying them. You can find Sally Hansen’s clean line in most drugstores and Olive & June at Target.

Beauty specialty stores like Ulta, Sephora, and Bluemercury also carry a few of the brands on this list. Most non-toxic nail polish brands have their own websites where you can buy your favorite shades directly.

Does non-toxic nail polish last as long as conventional nail polish?

Non-toxic nail polish has come a long way, and today these formulas can last just as long if not longer than conventional polish. To ensure the longest lasting manicure, be sure to use a non-toxic base and top coat and apply the polish on clean nails.

Is glitter nail polish eco-friendly?

Anyone who has worn glitter nail polish knows it’s a pain to remove. The glitter particles won’t break down or come off. Not only does this take a toll on your nails—and sanity—but it'sbad for the environment too.

Made up of plastic and aluminum bonded with polyethylene terephthalate (PET), glitter doesn’t break down and instead makes its way into water systems and wildlife. The plastics can collect toxins, becoming endocrine-disrupting chemicals that are consumed by fish and eventually humans in the food chain.

Activists are currently pushing for a glitter ban similar to the one on microplastics. In the meantime, the best action to take is to avoid glitter in nail polish and other cosmetic products.

Is it healthier to paint your nails yourself or get them done in a salon?

While Burns says where you get your nails done is a personal choice, more factors are in your control at home. You know exactly what products you are using, and there is less exposure to toxic fumes. (Though she still recommends painting your nails in a well-ventilated area at home.) The EWG doesn’t evaluate salon practices or products.

However, if you can’t go without a regular trip to your salon, there are ways to make this practice greener. Most salons let you bring your own polish, and you can research businesses dedicated to sustainability.

“If you enjoy painting your nails, you are going to have to make a personal decision on where you get them done and what polishes you use. Until we have set beauty standards, it's really a consumer choice,” says Burns. “That’s why we have Skin Deep. Not everyone may agree on the same product, so we have a variety of products that best meets individual needs.”

Why Trust Treehugger?

Beauty writer Emily Cieslak is slightly nail polished obsessed—she has been painting her own nails since she can remember and considers the ritual her weekly mental break. Over the years, she has tried a variety of brands from high end to drugstore and aims to use non-toxic formulas going forward.

(Video) All The New Foundations of 2022 - Which Are Best Over 40?

For this article, she consulted Carla Burns, Senior Healthy Living Science Analyst at the Environmental Working Group, as well as the EWG Skin Deep Database. We looked for products that were at least 7-free (no toluene, dibutyl phthalate, formaldehyde, formaldehyde resin, camphor, triphenyl phosphate, or xylene) as well as ranked well for sustainability in other areas like no animal testing and better packaging.

The 7 Best Reusable Makeup Remover Wipes of 2022


What nail polish is toxic free? ›

Best Overall: Zoya Nail Polish

Vegan and non-toxic, the polishes from this brand are free of 10 major chemicals. They're also super easy to find and carried by many nail salons and spas; credit the incredible array (600+) of shades in a wide variety of colors and finishes.

How toxic is OPI nail polish? ›

*Original information: OPI Nail Polish boasts about not having the toxic trio (toluene, formaldehyde, and DPB) but, it has other ingredients that aren't the greatest: camphor, which can cause nausea and dizziness if inhaled, and Benzophenone 1, which may negatively affect the endocrine system.

What is the best nail color that goes with everything? ›

White Nails

If you don't know how to wear white nail polish, don't fret, it's actually the easiest color to pair. White nails truly go with everything and make any color pop.

Is there such thing as safe nail polish? ›

Many nontoxic nail polishes are now going further, though, to eliminate others like formaldehyde resin, camphor, ethyl tosylamide, xylene, and TPHP. When a formula doesn't contain those additives, that's when you'll see 5-, 7-, 9-, or 10-free written on the label.

What are the most toxic ingredients in nail polish? ›

There are three main culprits found in many nail polishes: formaldehyde, toluene, and dibutyl phthalate (DBP). These chemicals are known as the "Toxic Trio" or "Big 3".

Is gel nail polish more toxic? ›

Although not as bad as an acrylic set of nails, gel polish has its own set of risks. Your nails still have to be “removed of all shine” (read: sanded down) for the gel polish to adhere. The chemicals in your typical gel polish also contain formaldehyde which as we know is super toxic.

What Nail color is popular right now 2022? ›

"In general, warm, bright shades will be big in 2022—whether it's green, blue, orange, or lilac," adds Boyce. "For blue, I'm loving It's Brittney, Beach by Orly."

What is the trend for nails in 2022? ›

For 2022, Pinterest predicts that nail painted with dream-worthy designs inspired by nature will be all the rage. The company found that searches for galaxy nail art are up 115 percent since last year, geode nail art is up 200 percent, ocean nails 500 percent, desert nails 105 percent, and aurora nails 400 percent.

What is the best nail polish brand in the world? ›

The 22 Best Nail Polish Brands to Always Keep in Rotation
  • Best award-winning polish. Sundays. ...
  • Best chip-resistant polish. Smith & Cult. ...
  • Best vegan polish. Olive & June. ...
  • Nourishing Formulas. Orly. ...
  • Best gel-finish polish. Deborah Lippmann. ...
  • Best metallic polish. Paintbox. ...
  • Best cruelty-free polish. Nails Inc. ...
  • Best chemical-free polish.
9 Aug 2022

What can we use instead of nail polish? ›

If you're looking for safer nail polish option to act as a better alternative to your regular brand, the following brands are a good start:
  • Kester Black: 10-free vegan nail polish that uses natural ingredients wherever they can. ...
  • Hanamai: A 10-free, vegan, breathable and water permeable formula.
3 Aug 2020

Is it better to not wear nail polish? ›

Nails receive their nutrients and oxygen through your blood. While wearing nail polish all the time won't stop your nails from growing, it does damage your nail integrity. Even with blood supply, nails do still need air to “breathe”. That's why a break from nail polish every few weeks is a must.

What are the white spots on my nails after removing polish? ›

Your nail has become dehydrated and the white spots you see are actually called Keratin Granulations. Nail polish can contain harsh chemicals such as acetone, which can dry out your nails leading to this appearance when your nail polish comes off.

Is Sally Hansen nail polish non toxic? ›

Kind. Pure. promises an impressive, complete lack of phthalates, formaldehyde, toluene, acetone, parabens, xylene, camphor, triphenyl phosphate, animal-derived ingredients, sulphates, and many other potentially harmful ingredients.

Is Zoya nail polish non toxic? ›

Zoya was the first brand Escobar-Thomas used when she made the switch to nontoxic nail polish, and swears by the long-lasting formula. The brand, which claims to be the longest-wearing nontoxic nail polish in the world, has over 400 shades in a wide range of hues, and seasonally releases on-trend colors.

Why do toenails turn white under Polish? ›

Keratin granulation

If you remove your nail polish only to find that part of your nail is white and dry underneath, you may have this common condition. It's caused by wearing toenail polish for too long. If you have this, it's best to let your nails heal for a while.

What is the best nail color for older hands? ›

If you have a lighter skin tone, the color would differ depending on how fair your skin is, but corals, greens, and red would be good for older hands because it draws attention to the nails. If you have darker toned skin, choose shades of orange, gold, and grey.

What nail colors make you look rich? ›

The best way to look rich is to go for a bold or vibrant color like red. There is nothing that screams rich like a bright color. If you want to go for a bold or vibrant color but are worried that it is too much, opt for a more neutral, timeless shade like a light, elegant pink shade.

Should toenails and nails match? ›

Simply put, no – you mani and pedi doesn't have to match. Back in the day, it used to be mandatory to match the colour on your fingernails to your toes but, over the years this trend has become predictable and a little boring too.

What is a 5 free nail polish? ›

5-free polish does not contain dibutyl phthalate, toluene, formaldehyde, formaldehyde resin or camphor. 6-free polish does not contain dibutyl phthalate, toluene, formaldehyde, formaldehyde resin, camphor or parabens.

Why do hospitals not allow nail polish? ›

The use of nail polish, as well as the wearing of artificial nails and other nail adornments, is strictly banned in the majority of healthcare facilities. This is because nail polish and acrylics can chip off, and long nails, whether natural or artificial tips, could be harboring germs beneath.

What does 3 free nail polish mean? ›

For all those who are feeling a little confused and would like to know the difference, here's a little easy-to-understand breakdown: 3-Free polish does not contain dibutyl phthalate, toluene or formaldehyde. 4-Free polish does not contain dibutyl phthalate, toluene, formaldehyde or formaldehyde resin.

How many harmful chemicals have we removed from our nail polish? ›

Nail polish manufacturers began phasing out three toxic chemicals in the early 2000s—dibutyl phthalate (DnBP), toluene, and formaldehyde—and labeling their polishes as “3-free.” But the researchers found that some of the polishes contained a chemical called triphenyl phosphate (TPHP), which is commonly swapped for DnBP ...

Can nail polish cause neuropathy? ›

Peripheral neuropathy, a rare complication of acrylic cosmetic nails, has been reported in a few cases of patients with positive patch testing to methacrylates.

Does OPI Nail Envy have formaldehyde in it? ›

OPI Nail Envy Nail Strengthener for Sensitive & Peeling Nails is a formaldehyde-free formula that protects against peeling with antioxidant vitamin E and kukui nut oil while soothing sensitive nails with aloe vera.

How long should you let your nails breathe between gel manicures? ›

Hanna suggests letting them completely grow out before getting your next gel or acrylic manicure. This usually takes about six months, according to Stern. If your nails don't look as smooth, hydrated, or their usual healthy color, there are a few things you can do.

What can I get instead of gel nails? ›

The Best Alternatives to Gel Nails are:
  • Acrylic Nails (Widely available & more affordable)
  • Press on Nails (Perfect if you are allergic to gel or acrylic)
  • Dip Powder (A perfect replacement for gel polish)
  • Polygel Nails (Very similar to gel nails but easier to work)
  • Natural Manicures (Safest & Healthiest)
22 Sept 2022

Which is safer acrylic or gel nails? ›

"Gel tends to be softer and more flexible than acrylic, and [gel extensions] tend to be not as damaging.

What is the nail color for fall 2022? ›

Our top picks for the best fall nail colors of 2022:

Glazed donut” nail trend for fall: Expressie Top Coat in Iced Out. Denim blue fall nails: Jinsoon nail polish in Sea Clay. Silver chrome nail polish: Sally Hansen Color Foil nail polish in Steel A Kiss. Caramel tan nail colors for fall: Mented nail polish in Yes We ...

What nail color do men like? ›

Most men love to be reminded that their date is tender and ladylike, magenta is the best nail polish color to do just that. It is not too bright or too subtle and it adds just the right amount of womanliness. Magenta is one of the nail polish colors men love for all these reasons and more.

Are short or long nails in Style 2022? ›

It's Official: Short Nails Are Making A Comeback In 2022. Good things come in small packages. While long nails in their various iterations — almond, coffin, and ballerina among others — will always be a staple of the beauty world, shorter nails might be a trend you resigned to your younger years.

What color should I paint my nails January 2022? ›

January: Creamy Pink-Beige

By the beginning of the year, we've run the bold reds and greens of the holiday season dry, and we're looking to tone things down. This creamy pink that toes the line of a staple beige or brown is just the color needed to freshen up for the new year.

What is the oldest nail polish brand? ›

Revlon became the first established nail polish brand in 1932 when they released a cream color.

How does vinegar remove nail polish? ›

Vinegar and Orange Juice

"Combine an equal amount of white vinegar and natural orange juice and mix together," she says. "Dip the cotton ball/pad in the mixture and press on your fingernails for about 10 seconds until the nail polish softens. Then, pull down the cotton pad to remove the polish."

Is there a nail polish that doesn't damage nails? ›

Vegan Nail Color is possibly the “cleanest” nail polish you can find on Amazon. The vegan formula contains some unique plant-based ingredients, including mastic oil for keeping your nails hydrated (one of Dr. Stern's ingredients of choice). Even the bristles on the brush are made of 100% plant-based materials.

How can I paint my nails without getting nail polish on my skin? ›

Use Vaseline or Cuticle Oil
  1. Use a Q-tip to apply a layer of vaseline or oil around the nail. ...
  2. If your nails are short, you can apply the vaseline on the exposed fingertip too. ...
  3. Paint your nails as usual with a thin first coat and thicker second coat. ...
  4. Wait for the polish to dry and then wash your hands.
15 Apr 2022

What is the healthiest manicure? ›

A basic manicure, with the right polishes, is the healthiest for your nails. When we say the 'right polishes' we mean the best nail growth polish or breathable nail polish. The harsh chemicals in many polishes often degrade our nails. Using an organic polish that contains vitamins, is the best way to avoid damage.

When should I stop using nail polish? ›

“I always recommend to my patients that it's best to leave polish on for a few weeks on, and then remove the polish and go without for a few weeks,” Dr. Rowland says. “It's not a good idea to leave nail polish continuously on your toes all summer. They need a break.”

How do you get rid of thick toenails? ›

How are thick toenails treated?
  1. Clean the affected area with soap and water daily.
  2. Groom your nails regularly. ...
  3. Apply an over-the-counter fungal treatment after you gently file your nails.
  4. Apply Vicks VapoRub on your toenail each day. ...
  5. Apply tea tree oil twice a day every day.

Can you scrape out toenail fungus? ›

A pharmacist can help with fungal nail infections

nail-softening cream – it's used for 2 weeks to soften the nail so the infected part can be scraped off.

What is better for toenail fungus white vinegar or apple cider vinegar? ›

The type of vinegar you use doesn't necessarily matter — most people either take a white vinegar foot soak or an apple cider vinegar foot soak. The important thing is the pH of the vinegar, which should typically be 2-3.

Is it OK to wear nail polish all the time? ›

While wearing nail polish all the time won't stop your nails from growing, it does damage your nail integrity. Even with blood supply, nails do still need air to “breathe”. That's why a break from nail polish every few weeks is a must. For keratin granulation, 3 to 4 weeks will be enough time to give your nails a rest.

Is nail polish harmful to your health? ›

The Top 3 Toxic Chemicals in Nail Polish

Dibutyl phthalate (DnBP): Phtalates are endocrine disruptors that are linked to issues like hormone changes, diabetes, and thyroid irregularities. Toluene: has a long list of effects from eye irritation to kidney and nervous system damage. Formaldehyde: A known carcinogen.

What happens if you wear nail polish everyday? ›

“If you consistently wear nail polish, your nails may become susceptible to what's known as keratin granulation,” Mahalli notes. Keratin granulation is caused by nail polish drying out the nail beds, which can lead to keratin clumping together and forming white spots or stains on your nails.

What is the white stuff on my toenails after removing nail polish? ›

If after removing your toenail polish, you see these white chalky patches then in most cases it is a condition called keratin granulation. These occur from constant polish wearing. This is not a fungus but can look much like it and can trigger a fungus so it is important to treat it.

What is the healthiest way to get your nails done? ›

If you're one of them, these tips from dermatologists can help you reduce the damage:
  • Choose soak-off gel nails instead of acrylic nails. ...
  • Go to a salon that uses an LED curing light rather than a UV curing light. ...
  • Ask your nail technician to skip the cuticle trimming. ...
  • Reserve artificial nails for special occasions.

How can I make my nails look good without polish? ›

You can also try this simple homemade remedy for shiny nails...just mix 1 tbsp of baking soda, 1 tsp of lemon juice and 1 tsp of olive oil until you have a thick paste, and rub on your nails, then wash with water. That way, you'll keep your nails shiny, healthy and strong!

Why you shouldn't paint your nails? ›

Formaldehyde resin, dibutyl phthalate, and toluene can also cause allergic contact dermatitis. Camphor is an oil that has been long used as a topical remedy for various conditions, but can be toxic if consumed by mouth. Studies have shown that chemicals in nail polish can be absorbed into the body.

Are nails healthier without polish? ›

Your Nails Will Get Stronger

Nails are made of layers of keratin, similar to hair, and although fingernails don't actually need to breathe, the strong solvents in polish remover dry out the nail and surrounding cuticle, says Dana Stern, a dermatologist and nail specialist in New York City.

What happens if you wear nail polish for too long? ›

The danger with keeping your nail polish on too long is that the pigment in the nail polish can soak into the top few layers of the nail and dry it out, Dr. Rowland says. When that happens, fungus, yeast, bacteria, mold and mildew can develop underneath the nail plate, which can lead to long-term problems.

How often should you go without nail polish? ›

The average time for your natural nail to grow out completely from the cuticle to the tip of the nail can take anywhere from four to six months. This is a long time to refrain from manicures or using polish, so we recommend taking a three to four week break between nail appointments. What is this?

How often should you polish your nails? ›

You should change a gel polish at least every three weeks, while acrylics can last 2 months.

How often should you paint your nails? ›

“For natural nails, a three- to four-week break usually will be sufficient to allow discoloration to fade, whether nails are yellow-orange or have white patches,” said Batra.


1. HOW TO GROW LONG NAILS *tips for healthy & strong nails* | Ep. 3 💅🏻
(Breanna Quan)
2. Essie Autumn 2022 Nail Polish Collection Swatches and Review! || KELLI MARISSA
(Kelli Marissa)
4. 5 Ways to Grow Your Nails FAST!
5. Products I NO LONGER BUY // How to Set Your OWN Beauty Standards
(Sarah Rose)
6. Why I STOPPED getting Gel Nails
(Alexandra Anele)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Jerrold Considine

Last Updated: 02/03/2023

Views: 5886

Rating: 4.8 / 5 (58 voted)

Reviews: 81% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Jerrold Considine

Birthday: 1993-11-03

Address: Suite 447 3463 Marybelle Circles, New Marlin, AL 20765

Phone: +5816749283868

Job: Sales Executive

Hobby: Air sports, Sand art, Electronics, LARPing, Baseball, Book restoration, Puzzles

Introduction: My name is Jerrold Considine, I am a combative, cheerful, encouraging, happy, enthusiastic, funny, kind person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.